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A prostate biopsy is usually done by interpolating a needle into the rectum, urethra, or area between the rectum and the anus and taking a small tissue sample of the prostate gland. This is then sent to the laboratory where a New Orleans pathologist will take a look at it. A prostate biopsy removes a slight piece of the affected area so that it can be examined under a microscope. This helps to determine whether the cells are normal or cancerous. If the biopsy section is found to be cancerous, the Gleason scale will be used to determine the tumor’s stage and seriousness. A prostate biopsy can also be taken to try to explain a high level of PSA in the bloodstream.

How to Prepare

Before you have the biopsy performed, make sure to inform your physician of any of the following:

1. Allergies to any types of medication

2. Medications were taken on a regular basis, especially any blood thinning medication

3. Any bleeding problems

At this time, also talk to your doctor about any concerns that you may have. Take this time to ask any questions about the procedure, the results, what to expect, and so on. This is the best time to ask any questions, before the procedure. You will want to know what will be done to you and why.

You will later sign a statement form stating that you know what to expect and understand the risks that are involved. This is standard policy for most procedures.

You may be required to do different things to aid in the proceedings or the healing process, depending upon where the needle will be inserted and whether local anesthesia or another form will be used. If the needle is going to be inserted into the rectum, you may be required to receive an enema. This is uncomfortable, but it will aid in the biopsy procedure process. If you are going to receive general anesthesia, you will more than likely be required to stop eating or drinking for a certain number of hours before the prostate biopsy procedure. Expect to receive an IV and a sedative before the procedure.

You may be given an antibiotic before the procedure from your physician. This will help your body to protect itself from developing an infection after the procedure is over. Any time the skin is broken, and a foreign object is inserted (in this case, the needle), there is a risk of infection.

How Effective Is The Prostate Biopsy

Every year there are about one million prostate biopsies carried out in the United States alone, of which about 25 percent show the presence of prostate cancer.

So far, there has been no right strategy for recognizing patients at danger. Be that as it may, a late investigation of more than 500 patients being examined for prostate tumor may give an answer.

The specialists additionally found that a Gleeson score of 7 or higher recommended the nearness of an existence debilitating prostate malignancy and the requirement for a further biopsy. The Gleeson score, which keeps running on a scale in the vicinity of 2 and 10, is gotten from a little examination of biopsy tissue, with a low score demonstrating tumor with an okay of spread and a high score showing malignancy which will probably spread.

A prostate biopsy is a costly strategy and one which can likewise be exceptionally stressing for the patient. It can likewise be a painful procedure which can be joined by draining and patients risk disease taking after the biopsy. Therefore, it is to everybody’s greatest advantage to distinguish those patients for whom a moment biopsy is fitting and to decrease quite far the quantity of superfluous follow-up biopsies being played out every year.

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